Mineral Oil and its Many Uses

Mineral oil is a common byproduct of the petroleum industry and is produced in the refinement process of crude oil into its refined forms such as gasoline, diesel, and kerosene; to name a few.  Mineral oil is closely related to petroleum jelly which is also produced as a byproduct of the crude oil refinement process.  It is a colorless, odorless, and tasteless liquid that has hydrophobic qualities much like many other hydrocarbons derived from crude oil.  The large volume of mineral oil produced from the refinement of petroleum products has been utilized in many different industries for a myriad of different applications due to its special hydrophobic properties.

Cosmetics

Mineral Oil is mostly found in ointment, baby skin products and cold creams for cosmetic uses.  It’s most well known as baby oil that is used by many mothers to treat diaper rashes.  Another great use of petroleum oil is for removing temporary tattoos that have passed their prime; this liquid is perfect for painlessly removing the layer of material that once comprised a removable tattoo.  Women will often also use mineral oil as a treatment to their eyelashes to keep the long strands from cracking and breaking.

Preservatives

Due to the fact that mineral oil does not absorb any atmospheric moisture it is often found in applications in which it is used to protect alkali metals such as lithium.  A pure solution of mineral oil is often used to submerge alkali metals for storage to keep them from oxidizing or otherwise reacting with the water molecules in the air.  Metal tools and weapons such as knives and wrenches are often coated in the oil to keep them from rusting through oxidation; it also keeps water off of the surfaces due to its hydrophobic properties.  Leather products are often conditioned with mineral oil to add some elasticity to them and allow them to be more manageable, a popular use is for baseball players breaking in a brand new mitt.  Carpenters also find a good use of mineral oil as a light coating on well sanded wood as a sealant to give a finished look to it.

Medicine

Mineral oil is found in several products used for internal and external therapeutic solutions.  It is often prescribed as an orally ingested lubricating laxative which alleviates the pain and discomfort of those suffering from painful bowel movements due to constipation or hemorrhoids; in this case it is most regularly ingested before sleeping.  This will then coat the bowels with a hydrophobic layer that keeps the bowels moist and slick making bowel movements smoother.  One should be advised to use mineral oil in moderation for this application as it will often prevent the absorption of certain essential vitamins and minerals and may result in malnourishment.  Externally mineral Oil is often applied topically onto rashes as mothers do to diaper rashes on their babies’ posteriors.  Extremely pure mineral oil is also often used in cellular applications such as In Vitro Fertilization where it can be used to suspend several oocytes and embryos on a single Petri dish whilst still being able to be worked on and observed separately.

Industrial Uses

There are various industrial uses for mineral oil due to its hydrophobic properties as well as its relatively low price.  It is often used as a non-conductive thermal fluid in electrical components this is due to its ability to displace water as well as air and has completely non-conducting properties.  Hydraulic machinery is operated with the use of mineral oil due to its incompressible nature as well as its properties that keep it from expanding in the presence of heat.  In many industries light mineral oil is used as a lubricant in small moving parts such as in the textile industry.

Cleaning

Mineral oil is a miraculous oil stain remover, it dilutes and liquefies the other oils and allows detergents to better do their job in removing the stains  Although on its own it is not a stain remover, it is an extremely effective catalyst that can remove the most ardent oil stains.  The residue often left by price tags and other stickers on various surfaces can be easily removed with the application of mineral oil.  Guitar players often use the oil to clean their strings as the oil frees dirt and other oils without oxidizing the strings.

Fire Performance

Whenever you see talented show stopping fire breathers that taunt the naked flame it’s good to know that they can find protection from the dangerous heat as well as the flame with the use of mineral oil.  Due to the low flashpoint and burning temperature of mineral oil as well as the fact that it does not burn as a liquid provides levels of safety to those who perform with fire while suspending reality with the look of a red hot flame.

 

Water Cooler Dispenser

During my childhood days, we stock up on our drinking water in our refrigerator.  Four or five pitchers at any given time and is refilled upon consumption.  This was during the time when we just get our drinking water straight from the faucet.  Nowadays, we have the water cooler dispenser to provide us potable drinking water.

Before we had the water cooler dispenser that we have today, there was the water fountain or the drinking fountain.  I remember during my elementary days in the 70’s we have this drinking fountain in our school playground.  During that time it was just a means to get your dose of potable water.  In offices and fast-food chains in the 80’s were the cold drinking fountains that have their own refrigeration.  A separate filtration unit is in place to make sure that it will dispense potable water.

Right now, the water cooler dispenser has become more versatile with the addition of the hot water valve.  Users are now able to dispense both hot and cold water depending on their need.   Water dispenser units come with a built in reservoir that stores hot and cold water so that both are available upon a press of the lever.

The stand alone water cooler dispenser which is tapped to a water supply is still there but users are now more inclined to use the gravity-type dispensers with its 5 gallon containers.  This is due to its cost saving feature which eliminated the use of a separate filtering system   Instead of doing the filtering, consumers now rely on water vendors to provide for “treated” water in containers.  Depending on the agreement, empty containers are recycled to be re-filled for future orders and are exchanged for full ones.  Another reason for this is for control purposes.  Companies are more and more becoming expense conscious.  Water deliveries can now be accounted for and documented.

Of course, the technology of the water cooler dispenser continues to evolve.

With the consumer being more demanding especially in the area of food safety, the water cooler dispenser is undergoing innovations in terms of the delivery of treated water via ultraviolet exposure.  With this system in place, the water cooler dispenser can be tapped to any water source and be assured that the dispensed water is free of any disease causing parasites.

Another innovation is the inclusion of a self cleaning function.  A water cooler dispenser can also act as a contaminant for disease causing bacteria.  You may have treated water but if your water cooler dispenser is not properly maintained bacterial growth is of high risk.   The technology uses hot water as the medium of disinfection.  Simple soaping will not disinfect.  Besides, soaping is limited to the exterior of the unit.  Those which need disinfecting are the various water paths that are impossible to be reached by hand.

Hottest peppers in the world

The chilling sensation 

If you really are a spicy food freak and always look for best peppers you can add into your dishes, you have come to the best article you can ever have. To take you off from your seat with the chilling sensation, there are varieties of peppers available in market. Before going with the real chill, let us have some look at how the peppers are determined into rates.

How Peppers Are Measured for Spiciness?

An American Pharmacist with the name Wilbur Scoville firstly struck with the spice of peppers, and devised in 1912, a scale for measuring the spicy heat of chilli pepper. The name of the scale has been kept on him, that is, Scoville heat units (SHU) that measures the spicy heat or piquancy of a chilli pepper. SHU indicates on its scale, the amount of capasaicin-the chemical compound responsible for the spiciness, present in pepper. Now a day, the advance quantitative analysis and liquid chromotogpahy are measuring the capasaicinoid content in chillies.

Now we start with the real deal, the world’s hottest peppers. The ranking start with:

Bhut Jolokia Pepper hottest pepper ever found on earth

With a mind hovering SHU of around 1,041,427, it is considered as the world’s hot-most pepper with an acknowledgement of Gunnies book of world record. With its origin in eastern Assam, India, it comes with many names like, Ghost Pepper, Naga Jolokia, California Death Pepper and more. It’s advisable to have a medical aid-box near you, when you go for trying it for the first time as it’s not a cup of tea for everyone.

Dorset NagaA companion of spiciness

Giving a tough deal to Bhut Jolokia in the matter of Scoville heat units count, that is around 970,000 SHU, is a British origin. It was founded by Michael and Joy in the Dorset in England. Similar in look and shape with a small red pepper is actually a big shot in small pack. It is a relative breed of another chart topper pepper- Scotch Bonnet

Red SavinaA name that was best earlier

This pepper was considered the hottest before the Bhut Jolokia. With an outstanding SHU count of around 577,000 SHU is a relative of the Habanero, but is greatly hotter than that.  Founded by Frank Gracia of California, Red Savina is now under the protection of the US Plant Variety protection act. It goes with a high recommendation with its flavourish-vegetable taste.

Habanero chile – A spicy classic

A super-hot pepper owns a great respect for its hotness with a taste flavour. Though not that much of impressive, when it comes to SHU count, which is of 350,000 SHU,in comparison of other peppers. With elegant look in different colours –green, blue, it is one which makes people fall.

These classy taste booster peppers are among those which a true spice lover will always look for to include in dish for atleast once in life time.

Taking Care of Bonsai Trees

There are some people who are fond of planting and nurturing different kinds of plants. Bonzai is just one of the plants that plant lovers will want to take care of.  It is a kind of tree that is meant to grow as a miniature version of a kind of aged trees. Certainly, there are indeed hundreds types of trees that can be grown into bonsai trees.

Taking care of plants like this is a hobby that most of people really enjoy. This will not just let you enjoy making a miniature tree that resembles a big tree; this may also help you earn extra income. Generally, as the miniature tree becomes more mature, the cost of it gains higher too. Here are some tips in taking good care of this kind of tree.

You should know about the type of tree, you are taking care of. Make sure that you know if your miniature artificial trees are meant to be grown indoor or outdoor. Basically, indoor plants have a lot more nurturing needs than those that are grow outdoors. They have different kinds of nurturing care. Those outdoor plants should not stay indoors for long or else the plant may not easily adopt the changes in temperature.

Take note of the importance of water

Like any other plants you should learn how to water your miniature plant properly. Take note that a proper way of watering plants contributes to the proper grow of your plants. This also varies depending on the kind of bonzai plants you have.  There are plants that require constant watering while there are others that only need to gain some moisture. Take note that everything that is too much can kill your plant. Too much water may contribute to fungal growth or drowning of plants. Dryness as well as humidity on the other had can easily kill your plants.

Right time to repot

Never repot your plant more often. Once a year repotting can be a good one. This is because the the bonzai plants has more sensitive roots and health condition compared to other ordinary kinds of plants.

Like any other plants, miniature plants also need proper care that will make them improve their health condition. A sign of disease may occur if you notice yellowing of leaves. Thus, you have to make sure that your plants receive proper care and no are there to damage your plants.